On Tuesday September 29th in a move that comes about annually, Saturn will once again reverse its direction from moving toward the west to moving toward the east.
Since around May 11th Saturn has appeared to be moving westward (toward the right) rather then toward the east. This happens as the faster moving Earth catches up with and then passes by Saturn. This apparent westward motion of Saturn is known as retrograde motion and for Saturn it’s retrograde motion comes to an end during mid-September when Saturn resumes its normal orbital motion toward the east, or to the left as we view Saturn from the Earth.
Since retrograde is a reference to motion and means backward or reverse motion, then the opposite of retrograde would be prograde motion. So it would be correct to describe Saturn as having resumed prograde motion. However you would probably get a blank look from those you say this to! So stick with “direct motion” or just say that Saturn orbits the Sun to the east as we see it from Earth.
Saturn is located over the southern horizon after sunset local time. It is about 7-8o to the east from Jupiter.
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