Friday July 13th and Saturday the 14th circumstances are such that there will be a partial solar eclipse that will be best viewed from along the northern coast of Antarctica. (hey! every Antarctic coast is a northern coast!!
Specifically the partial solar eclipse will be visible at around 129o E near the Claire Coast.
Circumstances for a solar eclipse, like for a lunar eclipse, require the Moon to be at either its ascending node or its descending node and be at or close to either new or full Moon phase. A node crossing occurs when the Moon with an orbit tilted 6o from the ecliptic (the Earth’s orbit) intersects the ecliptic.
The Moon has an elliptically shaped orbit so if the timing for lunar apogee (furthest from Earth) or perigee (closest to the Earth) happens around a new Moon at a node crossing then the apparent size of the Moon will be anywhere from smaller to larger than the Sun’s apparent size. Smaller means a longer eclipse including the length of totality.
However the bottom line is the timing between the node crossing and new Moon. This time the Moon crosses the ecliptic moving north, ascending node, approximately 24 hours after new Moon phase setting up a partial solar eclipse.
So what are the circumstances?
Times are in Universal Time (CDT = UT-5)
1:48 UT – Partial Solar Eclipse Begins
2:48 UT – New Moon — Partial Solar Eclipse
3:01 UT – Mid-Eclipse (maximum Sun covered)
4:13 UT – Partial Solar Eclipse Ends
8:27 UT – Moon at Perigee – 357, 432 km (222,098 miles)
2:52 UT – Moon at Ascending Node